Cherry Blossoms: 4 Sen Rose and Green With Crossed Branches

Genuine

Matsuda and Umemura engraved (etched) fourteen different plates for Scott #14 ( Sakura  #19) issued 1 April 1873.  The original stamps were rose colored and on native paper.  These plates were used for this issue and two other issues.
Size  19 1/2 mm x 22 1/2 mm
 
Type 1 & Type 2

Scott #14 and Sakura #19, Issued 1 April 1873

As Dr. Ichida explains in his Cherry Blossom book there were 14 plates engraved (etched). Ten (plates 1-10) were type 1, engraved by Matsuda, and four (plates 11-14)  were type 2, engraved by Umemura.  Scott #14 & Sakura #19 were on native paper and in the rose color.

Scott #24 and Sakura #26, Issued February 1874

Issue was printed on foreign wove paper in rose/red,  These stamps were printed from Matsuda’s plate 8 and from Umemura’s plate 14.  Thus this issue has both type 1 and type 2 characteristics.

Scott #40 and Sakura #52, Issued 5 February 1875

Printed on foreign wove paper in green,  These stamps were printed from Matsuda’s plates 7 & 8 and from Umemura’s plates 13 & 14. Thus this issue also has both type 1 and type 2 characteristics.

Genuine 4 sen Cherry Blossom Rose - Native Paper

Native Paper

Genuine 4 sen Cherry Blossom Rose - Foreign Wove Paper

Wove Paper

Genuine 4 sen Cherry Blossom Green - Foreign Wove Paper

Wove Paper

The forgeries of these stamps come in both Type 1 (open columns)  and Type 2 (closed columns). The JSPA reproduced both Type 1 and Type 2.   Tayama reproductions are Type 1.

Frame Type 1 Forgeries
  • Earliest Known
  • ABC Kurabu (Club) No. 21
  • All Hirose
  • All Spiro
  • Forgeries with Incorrect SW corner ornament
  • Wada, Plate 8, positions 5-8 (positions 1-4 have syllabic イ )
  • Wada Plate 9, position 1-8

 

Frame Type 2 Forgeries
  • ABC Kurabu (Club) No. 13,  No. 15 & No. 42
  • Meada
  • Ramsden
  • Wada plate 7, positions 1-3, all states (positions 4-6 have syllabic イ )
  • Wada Plate 10, positions 1-3 (positions 4-6 have syllabic イ)

Differences Between Genuine and Forged

Reminder:  Only 16 petals or florets in the genuine Kiku Crest (Chrysanthemum Crest).

 

 

There were 14 plates used with 40 positions in each plate for a total of 560 different stamps. With all these positions, it sometimes happens that a genuine stamp displays the same mistake or slip that is used to identify the forgery. Therefore important mistakes made by each forger will be described with the graphic of the forgery.

 

 

 

 

Signed” Forgeries

 

 

 

 

Frame Type 1

Frame Type 2

Unknown: 4 sen with incorrect SW corner ornament and sankō
 
Unknown Forger: Incorrect SW Corner Ornament
  • Black arrow: Position of missing outer crescent line
  • Red arrows:  Position of sankō
Wada: 4 sen rose, plate 7, state I with sankō
 
Wada: Plate 7, State 1, Rose Only

Without corner dots, sankō vertically above crossed branches.

Wada: 4 sen green, plate 7, state 3 with mozō
 
Wada: Plate 7, State 3, Green Only

With corner dots, mozō vertically above crossed branches.

 

  “Signed” – All Frame Type 2

 

 

 

 

Maeda: 4 sen, type 2 with mozō
 
Maeda

Mozō vertically above crossed branches.

Wada: Plate 7, State 2, 4 sen, type 2 with mozō
 
Wada: Plate 7, State 2

Without corner dots, mozō vertically above crossed branches.

Wada: Plate 7, State 4, 4 sen, type 2 with mozō
 
Wada: Plate 7, State 4

Mozō on either side of central characters

Wada: Plate 7, State 5, 4 sen, type 2 with worn mozō
 
Wada: Plate 7, State 5

Mozō on either side of central characters worn away no design retouching.

Wada: Plate 7, State 6, 4 sen, type 2 with worn mozō - retouched design
 
Wada: Plate 7, State 6

 Mozō on either side of central characters worn and with design retouching.

Genuine Stamp with “Unsigned” Forgeries – Type 1

 

 

Genuine with Wada Plate 8: 4 sen type 1
 
Wada:  Plate 8

Genuine:  Dot in Center of open flower.  Forgery: No dot in center of open flower.

 

 
Genuine with Wada Plate 9: 4 sen type 1
 
Wada:  Plate 9

Genuine:  Dot in Center of open flower. Forgery: No dot in center of open flower.

 
Genuine with Hirose Postion 1, 4 sen type 1
 
Hirose, Position 1

Genuine: Horizontal lines about the same level.  Forgery: Two outsde horizontal lines below center line.

 
Genuine with Hirose Postion 1, 4 sen type 1
 
Hirose, Position 2

Genuine: Horizontal lines about the same level.  Forgery: Two outsde horizontal lines below center line.

 
Spiro: 4 sen rose, type 1
 
Spiro

 

 
Early Unknown Forger: 4 sen rose, type 1
 
Earliest Known Forgery

Genuine: Open flower with dot.  Forgery: Bud instead of open flower.

 

Genuine Stamp with “Unsigned” Forgeries – Type 2

 

 

Genuine with Ramsden: 4 sen type 2
 
Ramsden

Forgeries:  Inner circles of all cherry blossoms large.  Slanted line touches crest.

 
Genuine with Wada Plate 10: 4 sen type 2
 
Wada: Plate 10:

Genuine:  Dot in Center of open flower. Forgery: No dot in center of open flower.

 
Genuine with Wada Plate 10: 4 sen type 2
 
Wada:  Plate 7: State V or VI
Note:  Wada, Plate 7 forgeries have  “mozo” in the design. But in the later states (V & VI) of the plate, “mozo” was either scraped away or worn away so that the stamps appear to be unsigned.

 

 

 

Note: Numbers in parenthesis and bold are the catalog numbers found on reverse of the forgeries.  State 4 forgeries did not have any numbers on the reverse. It is believed that State 4 forgeries exist for all different values.  But only a few State 4 examples were available for examination.  When State 4 was available for examination, the design type is recorded.

Type 2 Frame
Type 2 Frame
Type 1 Frame
4 sen red crossed branches with ABC: Design 106-A & 106-B
ABC Kurabu (ABC Club) 4 sen red – Designs 106-A & 106-B

State 1 (No. 15), State 2 (No. 13): Design 106-A.   State 1 (No. 42), States 3 & 5 (No. 13), and State 4 (no number): Design 106-B.

Genuine 4 sen green crossed branches with ABC: Design 106-B
 
ABC (Kurabu) Club Forgery 4 sen green – Design 106-B

States 1, 2 & 3  (No. 42).

 

4 sen red crossed branches with ABC: Design 106-C
 
ABC (Kurabu) Club Forgery 4 sen red – Design 106-C.

States 1, 2, 3 & 5 (No. 21).

Characteristics of Design 106-A:

  1. Breaks.

Characteristics of Design 106-B:

  1. Breaks.

Characteristics of Design 106-C:

  1. Breaks.

Reproductions

 

Tayama: 1908 Reproduction, 4 sen rose, crossed branches.

Tayama: 1908

This stamp is found in Sheet 2 included with the 1908 issue of the Communications Law Monthly Report.  Type 1 Cancel.

Inscriptions translate:
4 sen pale red;
Issued: Meiji 6.4 (April 1873);
Off Sale: Meiji 8.2 (February 1875);
Invalidated: Meiji 22. 11 (November 1889)

Click here to see more information about Tayama reproductions.

 

 

 

Japan Stamp Publicity Association

 

Genuine with JSPA No. 3: 4 sen rose, 20 October 1961
 
JSPA  Sheet No. 3 Issued 25 October 1961

This stamp reproduces the genuine issue of 1 April 1873 on laid paper.  The reproduction is imperforate on cream-colored vertical laid paper.

Click here to see more information about JSPA reproductions.

 

 
Genuine with JSPA No. 7: 4 sen green, 10 July 1962
 
JSPA  Sheet No. 7 Issued 10 July 1962

This stamp reproduces the genuine issue of 4 February 1875 on wove paper.  The reproduction is imperforate on cream-colored  wove paper.

Click here to see more information about JSPA reproductions.

 

 
Genuine with JSPA No. 8: 4 sen rose, 15 October 1962
 
JSPA  Sheet No. 8 Issued 15  October 1962

This stamp reproduces the genuine issue of  February 1874 on wove paper.  The reproduction is imperforate on cream-colored wove paper.

Click here to see more information about JSPA reproductions.

 

 
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